Lebanon is a small country that was devastated by a civil war that lasted fifteen years. Though it ended in 1990, most of the developmental projects planned during the last 30 years have failed to be fully implemented due to a corrupt political system. The healthcare system in Lebanon was one of the most affected establishments, and continues to be destabilized by the huge number of Syrian refugees entering the country since 2012.
Recently, the country is facing the worst ever economic crisis since its independence in 1948. More than 50% of the Lebanese people are not medically insured and are under the coverage of the Ministry of Health (MOH). Those who are employed benefit from the National Social Service Fund until their retirement, when the majority of them become dependent on the MOH. Only a small percentage of the Lebanese have private insurances.
The MOH only operates 20 public hospitals in the country and receive a modest allocation of the total government budget. The Private sector dominates the healthcare system with many private hospitals scattered all over the country, including the capital city of Beirut. These hospitals provide medical care at a high cost affordable only by wealthy or insured people. Those hospitals that have a contract with the Ministry of Health (MOH) can admit a limited number of MOH patients per month with an annual financial coverage Cota.. Life-saving policies that allow the admission of critically ill and poor patients into the emergency room does not apply to Lebanese private hospitals.